How to Overcome an important issue of Mining production

How to Overcome an important issue of Mining productionThe jachallera Gualcamayo mine experience this year a large quantum leap in the production of gold. During 2013, the number of ounces produced were 120,000, but in 2014 the number will reach 180,000 ounces, 50% more than what was produced last year. The data were recently confirmed by Emilio Roca, Production Manager of Minas Argentinas, a subsidiary of Yamana Gold, a major mining event held recently in the province of Salta.

In turn, the staff of the multinational explained that the figure of increase is very positive and is due almost entirely to the commissioning of the underground part of the deposit. However, he explained that “from now on”, you should pay special attention to costs because the site has little amount of gold on average and is located in a rugged terrain that requires very specific jobs.

According to official information from the website of Yamana Gold – Mining Argentina, in the underground portion of the deposit must mobilize a ton of rock to yield 2.5 grams of ore, while in his hand open pit ore grade is low, averaging 1 gram of ore per ton of rock removed.

The production manager also explained to the national media in 2012 147.000 gold equivalent ounces were produced and that last year the number fell to 120,000, while in 2014 will reach 180 thousand. “The plan is to repeat this figure for 2015, 2016 and 2017″. “Statistically Gualcamayo is a site that is on the verge of marginalization, if we are not efficient, we could not cover costs especially with the tax burden that exists in Argentina (the tax burden represents 52% of the business), up from Peru (45%), Australia (34.4%), South Africa (40.6%) and Chile (43 9%), “Rock explained. To understand clearly and without negative connotations the word “marginal” jachallera it is clear that the mine is in steep terrain where the law of mineral presence is not as abundant as in other parts of the country or province.

Daily reservoir moves 200,000 tons of mineral resources (including sterile and metals) of this mineral are between 15 000 and 18 000 tons that come with an average grade of one gram per tonne. The end product of all mining work Gualcamayo (bullion or ingot) is finally composed of 90% gold, silver 6% and 4% impurities.

The site uses technology from heap leaching to recover gold from crushed ore that is placed on a court where heap leaching is done with cyanide solution. Continue reading

Impact of Crisis in mining has hit Producers of mining

Impact of Crisis in mining has hit Producers of miningPeru reception US $ 1,100 billion in mining investment oriented exploration in 2012, but this flow fell to $ 760 million, down 31% in 2013. By 2014 Cardozo provides a further drop to US $ 600 million or $ 500 million , ie half compared to 2012.

This decline is in line with the global trend, for while in 2012 the mining exploration industry noted an overall record of US $ 21,500 million, the following year this flow fell to US $ 17,600 million. By 2014 a new setback, perhaps 15% are expected.

The factors causing the crisis in the junior mining are several: the volatility of metal prices, weak financial markets, the poor health of the global economy and risk aversion by investors. The delay in the granting of exploration permits (file permissions), which explores the plight of junior mining: In Peru, another factor is added.

Miners explorers, however, are optimistic. “I do not know if we’ve hit bottom, but most of the crisis have already been assimilated and are optimistic for 2015,” says Cardozo.

In his view, there is reason to hope that the international financial market will recover next year and, with it, the conditions for renewed investment in mining.

The crisis in the junior sector will be analyzed and discussed in Junior Mining Top forum, to be held in the Second Congress of Mining Management (5-7 November) at the premises of PAD Santiago de Surco.

The forum will review the historical trends in mineral exploration in the country, which has been its decline and its effects in the long run. “We sell the idea of maintaining a long-term view: we must explore and discover to support the mining industry in the future,” says Cardozo.

New alternative for the Mining sector

New alternative for the Mining sectorThe estate tax is anti-technical, gravel holding assets that already paid taxes and many of these are not in production, as with some mining companies. It forces companies to bring resources to pay this tax burden when they are not producing, “said the official, who asked to look for other alternatives such as income surtax and VAT changes. “Otherwise this may affect the mining industry in a country with great potential.”

Meanwhile, President of the Colombian Association of Mining, Angel Santiago revealed that invested $ 7 billion in the coming years are required in order to realize the potential that the country has. “Today only 5% of the country is explored, about 5.7 million hectares. This has he allowed more than a million people live in the sector, but without clear rules, “he said.

In turn, Eduardo Chaparro, director of the Chamber Asomineros Andi said that the country must transform its locomotive on a freight train in their cars to mobilize the dynamism of the economy: “We are not asking for a bullet train that would be ideal. For now the important thing is to have a perfect coordination between state institutions, both national and local. “

While the mining industry showed their products to large companies, a group of small miners protested in front of the Convention Center Plaza Mayor of Medellin Government to ask the same treatment as that given to large multinationals.

Several leaders in areas they do not want mining in their territories reiterated that mining activity may affect its greatest asset, the water, the same as used in Antioquia to generate more than 60% of the energy consumed in the country.

Reducing the level of Illegal miners

Reducing the level of Illegal minersAs revealed by the Colombian Mining Association (MCA), over 30% of the country develops the illegal marketing of the product, especially in the case of gold exceeds 800 billion dollars annually.

In the country, the legal mining covers barely five percent of the national territory, but annually invests 175,802,000 pesos in environmental management plans, according to the mining industry.

Figures recently released by the National Mining Agency shows that the number of people killed by illegal mining accident rises to 86, an issue that will be addressed in the X International Mining Fair in Medellin.

The event, which will be installed at 10 am Wednesday in Medellin, will feature the newly sworn in Minister of Mines and Energy, Tomas Gonzalez, who will have his first meeting with the mining industry in full, and counterparts in Mexico, Chile, Peru, Panama and Canada.

La Feria expects to receive approximately 14,000 attendees and exceed business expectations by more than $ 430 million.

The occurrence of Changes in the economy and the Mining industry

The occurrence of Changes in the economy and the Mining industryThe mining and energy sector just experienced its first decline since 2007, when it declined 2.6 percent in the second quarter of 2007.

Now, in the second quarter of this year, activity contracted by 2.8 percent, according to the report on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Dane. (See also: Colombian economy grew 4.3 percent in the second quarter of 2014).

Although for some this negative result on account of the attacks on pipelines to tankers, blockages in the communities and protests in different areas of exploration and production may be temporary, serious analysts are beginning to warn of the signs of the end of the boom, in contrast to the increasingly consistent results ‘locomotive’ infrastructure.

The center of economic studies Anif warns that this cluster of problems, visible in a lag of 100,000 barrels per day in front of the goals of the 2010-2014 Development Plan and a range between 10 and 15 million tonnes in coal production , added to the difficulties of agriculture and industry, explain why the economy has accelerated its growth potential towards the longed 6 percent annually.

The situation is so complex that, in a paper for the Colombian Oil Association, the Anif estimated growth of 10 percent per year in the sector, observed between 2008 and 2012, could be reduced to stand at an average of only 2 percent annually over the next decade if effective action is not taken.

While the figures of the National Hydrocarbons Agency would argue that until June 71 exploratory wells drilled, against a target of 135, today’s photo shows a stagnant oil sector, which in 2013 after producing an annual average of 1’008.173 barrels per day between January and August lowered the volume by 2.6 percent to 981,625 barrels a day. Continue reading

What is ideal to Plug fiscal gap

What is ideal to plug fiscal gapEntrepreneurs who attended the International Mining Fair seized alarms and the Minister of Mines and Energy, Tomas Gonzalez announced that head tucked to find alternatives that allow you to speed up the mining locomotive.

While the fall of the sector due to government decisions, but the collapse of the commodities, entrepreneurs believe that the Government must make adjustments to your locomotive.

Gonzalez is aware that the institutions of the sector, which was created a few years ago, requires changes to enable it to engage more quickly to the demands of the industry.

“We have to work to improve legal certainty, as there are many difficulties that may impact the development of the sector,” he said. For this, the Government is working on the mining registry, which will be ready next year.

He also indicated that the government should work on the thoroughness and timeliness of response to the application of environmental licenses, because “the employer must have a prompt response.”

Another aspect that the Government considers urgent is the development of infrastructure to mobilize minerals, especially coal. “For this reason, on Monday a contract with the National Infrastructure Agency (ANI) for the development and construction of the railroad coal will be signed,” said Gonzalez minister, adding that the signing of the contract for the recovery of the navigability of the Magdalena river, signed by Cormagdalena last Saturday, will improve the transportation of mineral and hydrocarbon river.

Additionally, Gonzalez stressed that contribute to the formalization of informal and artisanal miners and mining criminal attack frontally. “You have to press very hard illegality and legality make it easier.” It also considered that should allow for the inclusion of the small miners and for that the government is working on structuring auctions for these sectors.

During the Fair, the president of the Andi, Bruce Mac Master, told businessmen that there is great concern in the mining sector by the tax proposal enlists the Santos administration. So I made a call to minister, Mauricio Cardenas Santamaria, to look for other alternatives that plug the fiscal gap.


Illegality as an Important problem in Mining

Illegality as an Important problem in MiningAccording to engineer a serious example of the situation we are living is embodied in Iquira where there are more than 100 families have gone to settle there illegally and irresponsibly, motors, washing the shores of the river and throwing waste affluent these dredges without proper control.

And although the department of Huila is has the most mining around Colombia, being attractive to local businesses, national companies and foreign, who are behind the exploitation of quantity of mineral resources in the ground such as the gold, copper and coal, is very little that these areas are shielded.

Of course, every rule has its exception, if it is true, some years mining in the department of Huila and the whole country has been pigeonholed into the illegal sphere and not meeting the requirements and uncontrolled exploitation and damage to the ecosystem, however, there opitas companies, as is the case Masseq who are taking responsibility to make this moment a real mining boom taken responsibly.

Beyond production, prices, figures and results that a business such as mining can generate in times of plenty, it is important for companies to focus on the manner and impact through these significant results can be generated in this department.

Thus, the objectives with which it works Masseq, a company dedicated to the exploration, exploitation, processing and marketing of quarry materials and stone aggregates that projects should expand on the regional territory, with greater presence in the state capital and emerge projects that are developed from Neiva. More than 17 companies and consortia responsible for the most important works in Huila activities articulate with this entity. Continue reading

Good control technology in Mining chile

Good control technology in Mining chileIn recent decades, Chile has consolidated its position as a world leader in copper production, raising its share of the world market. In 1990 it represented 17.7% of global production, and by 2013, according to data from the recent study of World Metal Statistics Yearbook and the Chilean Copper Commission (Cochilco), Chile in 2013 produced a total of 5.7 million metric tons of fine copper, lead the global production with 31% of the total. In 2013 shipments of copper reached $ 40,158,000.

The positioning of the mining industry offers tremendous opportunities for suppliers of mining, not only regionally but globally. “Currently, providers of Chilean mining are about 6,000 companies, 85% owned Chilean capital 100%. Experience in the development of the mining sector in Chile allows us to have a industry suppliers of goods and services World Class is now expanding to the world and whose experience is key to help the development of mining in Colombia through strategic alliances both markets, “said Hugo Corales, Director of ProChile in Colombia.

World-class suppliers

The innovation program “World Class Suppliers” initiative supported by the Ministry of Mines of Chile, Codelco, BHP Billiton and Fundacion Chile, is a great example of the effort to the internationalization of mining innovation, which seeks to position Chile as a country that creates and exports knowledge to the world. This project will promote management skills and innovation in mining suppliers, developing new technologies that create shared value, with the main objective to have 250 world-class suppliers in 2020.

According to Hugo Corales, Director of Pro Chile “the World Class Suppliers Program states that the challenges faced by a mining company can motivate suppliers to develop effective solutions to meet the challenges of the company and generate significant cost reductions in towards a mutually beneficial relationship ” Continue reading

Modernization for Investment in the Mining sector

Modernization for Investment in the Mining sectorMinister of Energy and Mines, Eleodoro Mayorga said on Thursday that in the coming days, the government enacted new environmental regulations for the mining and metallurgical activities that will lead to sustainable development of the sector under socio-environmental considerations.

SNMPE director Jose Miguel Morales, said it is important that any regulation is agreed to finalize standards that can be met, and enable investment in certain sectors, which has been positive coordination between the Ministries of Energy and Mines and the environment.

“We must welcome the willingness to coordinate the two ministers involved to implement this regulation was very old, 1993, and had to be modernized,” he said.

Meanwhile, the Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal said yesterday that the next promulgation of new environmental regulations for mining and metallurgical activities, highlights the importance of working together in the industry with the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) to achieve sustainable investments.

Morales said the country showed a significant expansion in recent years because it gave him the opportunity to grow the private sector, so it must be given the importance it deserves. Continue reading

Damage to Forest Ecosystems as a Result of MiningThere are mountains of sand in disarray and holes everywhere, as if there had been a bombing. It is the clear sign of mining, mercilessly rampaging areas of environmental importance of Choco. We are in Certegui, one of the 30 municipalities in this department. We ventured south, 45 minutes Quibdó, in the subregion of San Juan, near Istmina.

Few years maybe five or six, this land, where we guide Urrutia, named with a lackluster sign, in which ‘Mina La Lucha’ reads ago, was part of a tropical forest, deep, wet, solid green. Today is a nasty little desert. Machines and men would dig and shift for at least 20 hours a day.

Apparently without order, apparently under the law of the strongest, no horizon, scraping up the stones. “Clearly so, not worth mining leaves nothing, is a richness that comes and goes like the wind,” he says. “This for us is not a business, it is a moonlighting” says Member of Community Board negritudes Cocomacer.

While Urrutia tells the reality, about four hours from Certegui, this time in Rio Quito, another town located 30 minutes by boat from Quibd in other subregion, called Atrato, Evergito Urrutia thinks differently. In the mine that just opened in this town, considered by the Dane one of the poorest in the country, is encrypted hope to find some heritage.

There, in the woods, along a wide and abundant flow, several bulldozers, scavenging for 16 continuous hours and anyway the way to get good amounts of gold. Only when these machines pause, Evergito and a group of at least 30 people have the opportunity to ‘barequiar’, ie, to find the metal with a punt in a traditional way, almost a century old, and already very unusual and sterile. Continue reading