The Unimic work in coordination with the security forces, control agencies and ministries of Defense, Interior, Environment and Energy and Mines to control illegal mining, which affects biodiversity and the communities where these resources are exploited.
“The institutions that compose the Unimic perform a legal analysis to create the new policy and regulatory package that facilitates combat all criminal phenomena of mining,” the Defense Ministry said in a statement.
He added that “for now, the government is studying which institution will be the unit and under what kind of administrative measure would put into operation.”
Last February, the presidents of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, and Peru, Ollanta Humala, signed in Cartagena a cooperation agreement to tackle illegal mining during an official visit of Peruvian President to the country.
At that time, Santos said that illegal mining affects Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and Peru, and stressed that the latter “has had a very effective policy” so that the country could learn from your experience.
The conformation of the Unimic became effective after nine months of joint work between the institutions of government, “which evaluated the policies, processes and criminal legal proceedings against mining.”
According to the government, this type of crime has been used by guerrilla groups and drug traffickers to finance their criminal activities.
So far this year, Colombian authorities have seized 87 kilos of illegally extracted gold and one platinum, whose market price is 7,200 pesos (U.S. $ 3.7 million). In operations also were captured and 840 people were operated 231 mines, of which 131 were suspended.
Carriers of this complaint are not reliable people have constantly received money not only plants, but the bases and have never had a clear management of that money. They have asked for money for a thousand different reasons, but that does not mean we have given that money.
In recent days, Theodule and Victor Medina Chanduvi money said they supported the Nationalist Party in the last version that was denied by the ruling bloc campaign. For this reason also, Congressman Daniel Abugattas filed a complaint with the Public Prosecutor for “extortion and defamation.”
In this regard, Urresti said a quick research will reveal that behind these leaders, “there are a thousand surprises” as they passed through various federations of illegal miners “and all have gone wrong just by dishonesty unemployed.”
“So, to begin, the carriers of the complaint are not reliable. Is not consistent with what I do know and what I can speak perfectly, “he added.
In this regard, said that President Ollanta Humala announced to give personal custom, without conditions, to eradicate illegal mining.
“Office with the Head of State and the head of the Council of Ministers, Rene Cornejo. In both cases the position of the Government is to eradicate illegal mining is very clear, “he said.
Urresti said there was also “a permanent requirement” to advance faster in this process. In the absence of support from the head of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, said, “It would be impossible to co-ordinate and move as quickly as we are doing.”
The president of the National Society of Mining, Petroleum and Energy of Peru, Eva Arias said during the 11th International Symposium of Gold and Silver in Lima, the gap in infrastructure should be seen as an investment opportunity, while in the education the challenge that the countries of the Pacific Alliance, formed by Colombia, Chile, Mexico and Peru face is to have human capital for sustainable mining.
With regard to technological innovation, the union leader said required raise funds for research and funding.
Arias participated in the round table “Pacific Alliance, Mining Competitiveness” with Victor del Castillo, chairman of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico (Caminex); Eduardo Chaparro Avila, Executive Director of the Chamber of ANDI Asomineros Colombia, Alberto Salas, president of the National Mining Society (Sonami) of Chile.
Salas said that Chile requires modernize the regulatory aspect of mining that has experienced great development.
Sonami President stated that “mining in Chile is not only investors and workers”, “is all important resources it generates for the country and especially to the community.” Salas noted that “mining involves the community, mining and government,” and “if any of the three factors are not positive, you can not talk about success.”
If the government just wants more taxes, you will end up weakening the industry, and if there is no balance with the community, not be able to develop long-term activity, he added.
The 11th International Symposium of Gold and Silver opened in Lima, and runs through Thursday, with the aim of promoting new investment and business opportunities in the region and learn about the latest projects to extract these precious metals in Latin America.
After the inspection and analysis of such securities, a total of 4,885 findings were found, the miners holders must correct in order to avoid sanctions from the National Mining Agency,” said the manager of Monitoring and Control of the National Agency Mining, Angela Maria Otero Farah.
On average a degree in Boyaca findings presented 3.7, higher than the national average. “In contrast holders having good practices in the operation of mining activities and contribute to the support of the communities in the areas of influence were identified,” said the Officer.
By stages, the highest percentage of findings was presented at the operational phase: 62 percent. In the exploration stage the range of findings was seven percent, while in the construction phase and assembly reached 31 percent.
The rates recorded findings: 40 percent, legal; 27 percent, technical; 24 percent, economic; eight percent, environmental, and one percent, and safety.
In 11 municipalities, the largest number of findings (three to five), among these Guican Susacon, Pajarito and Buenavista was detected.
“In Boyaca identified that a high percentage of owners who are not complying with the requirement of the environmental license. Is higher than the rest of the country in percentage, but is a finding that we are checking, “said Angela Maria Farah.
The Officer noted that there was an increase in the collection of fees, which is paid by securities in the stages of exploration and construction and assembly.
“In 2012 we collected on that concept and 1.299 million pesos in 2013, 7.024 million, an increase of 441 percent. The exercise of control allowed Boyaca holders who had paid the debt, “Farah said.
The firm Holland & Knight, U.S. seeks to expand its presence in the country. As a result of this strategy just joined the team of three partners and eight associates Jose Vicente Zapata Lugo and 12 partners of the firm Suarez Zapata Partners Abogados.
The team led by Zapata has more than 20 years of experience that is considered highly complex and regulated mining and energy industry and has advised corporations, associations, government agencies and national and regional authorities.
Enrique Gomez-Pinzon, executive partner of Holland & Knight in Colombia, said the company is interested in expanding its services in the country and in that sense the operation expands with this team of experts. Currently, strategic areas of work covers energy, arbitration, litigation, buying and selling companies, and taxes.
“We are very interested in the field ampliarnos capital market and financial in Colombia, but we do it very prudently and strategically. Always looking for people who are recognized for their excellence in their area, “says the executive, to define areas of interest to grow.
Enrique Gomez-Pinzon explains that advice in legal matters have grown significantly, to the extent that businesses and increase business development in the country.
In addition, Colombian companies seeking support in order to take advantage of opportunities in international markets.
As you can observe illegal mining in African and indigenous communities is causing a sad and painful tragedy where those affected are mostly traditional miners, these artisan working with rafts in the open pit under the worst conditions of risk .
But mining in Colombia is a nation where the problem and show that there can be a very dangerous relationship between legal and illegal mining, complicity of some state entities with legal and illegal mining adding this to the other factors that further complicate the picture mining nationwide the permissiveness of some actors from the community, behind mining mafias and groups outside the law are other elements that makes it difficult to address the issue.
But that is all the same after so many deaths and so much destruction of the environment, what is happening with the illegal mining in Colombia? Why so many problems? What about the government not taking action on the matter? To expect communities regarding illegal mining in their territory if they now talk of illegal artisanal mining and linking these two terms and confusing public opinion something that is very irresponsible of the government and the media, because is clear that artisanal mining is not linked in any illegal mining point artisanal mining is that people have practiced craftsmen in their collective territories for decades and practiced traditional elements punt, bars and gutter.
Illegal mining is used by heavy machinery which is also practiced by other than the communities that never consider the safety of people and their social and economic conditions. So it is worrying to talk about illegal mining including artisanal mining is different to say that illegal mining is shielding in artisanal mining operations to develop. Read the rest of this entry »
Entrepreneurs and the Government of the country have an interest in strengthening its presence in the domestic market, since according to the ANM so far been exploited only 1.1 percent of the resources. Regulatory framework and illegal mining, including challenges to attract more investment.
The mining potential of Colombia put this activity on the radar of employers and the Australian Government, seeing in the local market opportunities to diversify their investments. This was confirmed by spokesmen for both sectors during the celebration of the third edition of Latin America Down Under (LADU) a mining conference that was held in Sydney (Australia) in recent days.
Although bilateral relations are still emerging, and business investment in this sector is more strongly established in Peru, Chile and Brazil, Australian companies show interest in exploring both in Colombia and in providing services for companies in the sector operate in the country.
And according Carolina Rojas, promotion manager of the National Mining Agency (ANM) said during his presentation at the event so far been exploited only 1.1 percent of Colombian resources, so the development potential is immense.
According to Brendom Hammer, first secretary of the Americas Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Australian Government, the South American countries have a key role in the initiative of his nation to strengthen its ties with the mainland, as far Asia is the center of their business. “I have a very strong and positive image of Colombia. Les is he going very well and I think the Government are keen to develop the country, “he added.
As explained by Chris Gale, director of Latin Resources exploration company and chairman of the Australian Council for relations between Australia and Latin America (COALAR by name in English), the potential of investing in Latin America does not focus on selling resources to China, but to exploit them for domestic consumption in the region because “the demand is huge.”
In this sense, Brenda Conroy, the Minerals Council of Australia (entity associated with larger companies in the sector), said that the interest of their companies in Colombia focuses on resources such as iron ore, coal, copper, nickel and new metals.
Seek acceptance of projects in areas with geological potential led the three major unions in the mining sector to reach an agreement to unify. Sources close to the process ensured that the Colombian Chamber of Mines, the Mining Sector Large Scale (SMGE) and As miner Chamber of the National Association of Industrialists (ANDI) will join in the Colombian Mining Association (MCA).
After several months of analysis on the need to unify the voice of the mining industry to its stakeholders, finally reached this agreement on behalf of the new unionization.
After the departure of Cesar Diaz Colombian Chamber of Mining (CCM), the decision not to seek replacement in order to facilitate the integration was taken. In fact, it was learned that this union will cease to operate as such in late May to begin the integration of the sector.
Given that each of the unions involved represent important interests was chosen as the new president of the guild is a new person (other than Diaz, Claudia Jimenez (the SGME) and Eduardo Chaparro) to bring together representing this sector of the economy .
This decision facilitated the acceptance of the members of each unionization and after the definition of the name only remains to work in the new corporate identity (logo) for integration and appoint the new director or president of the new association. This week’s resignation Jimenez Sector Large-Scale Mining is met.
Guilds will remain are yes and Asogravas Fenal carbon, since they have a specific (the first with small coal producers in the Midwest) and the second, with building materials representation.
The union of the miners’ unions is necessary in times of low prices for gold, coal and nickel, the main minerals exported by the country.
Claudia Jimenez take his position as CEO of the trade group representing large companies in the extractive industries as Mining, Anglo American, Cerrejon and Drummond.
The resignation of the President of the Association of Mining Sector Large Scale (SMGE) was in February, but the Board of the organization was announced today and said that the Director will focus on his personal business advisory firm business.
Unionization was created in 2011 and was the first lawyer Jimenez director. During his three years in office was responsible for studying structure and communicate strategies and tools for action on relevant issues for the formal industry. Likewise, his agenda focused on the analysis of the main economic, legal, social, environmental and academic sector issues.
The SMGE in Colombia represents 91.3% of the total coal produced in the country, 12% of legal gold and 100% nickel.
It consists of the world’s leading companies in the country engaged in the exploration and extraction of gold, ferronickel and coal as Anglo American, AngloGold Ashanti, AUX-CCX Colombia, Cerrejon, Cerro Matoso, Colombia Natural Resources, Drummond, Gran Colombia Gold (Canadian Pacific group), Eco Oro Minerals Corp., Minas Rio Paz (Brazilian group Votorantim), Mineros SA and Prodeco.
The representative of the United Nations in Colombia for Human Rights, Todd Howland said that about 40 indigenous peoples are at risk of disappearing, mining being a major problem that generates the risk of extinction of these communities in the country .
CONSCIOUS of the report of the Centre for Autonomy and Rights of the Indigenous Peoples of Colombia, it was noted that 34 indigenous peoples at risk of extinction in Colombia since the UN would consider more and that the country must work to preserve these cultures ancestral.
“What happens is that people who are living within their culture for many years, may be affected by these mining projects are going to the city, its culture is lost, can his tongue and this people will also lose own, “Howland said. |
Highlighted the richness and cultural diversity of the country, but noted that to protect them should change the way people work mining in areas where indigenous communities, so it warned that “it is important for all Colombians take this problem seriously” .
“There are about 40 indigenous peoples who are at risk of extension, is its culture, its own way of being, that is at risk of extinction,” warned the spokesman for the United Nations. He insisted that before intervening territories, “it is important that they who live in these areas are consulted, otherwise their culture may be affected.”
Also reminded the Colombian State’s responsibility to ensure the protection of these ancient communities, taking into account international treaties it has signed requiring the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples.