Important defense against Illegal mining activities

Important defense against Illegal mining activitiesA report by the Personality of Cali states that “a worrying development for the proliferation of illegal mining in the area of PNN Farallones de Cali persists” and notes that this activity has affected at least 252 hectares of wilderness area and high Andean forest.

In these areas has been destroyed topsoil for settlement camps, affecting wildlife and pouring sewage into water sources.

The two committees were formed by PNN staff Farallones, the Third Brigade, High Mountain Battalion No. 3, Cali Metropolitan Police and the police command.

According to the general Hoover Penilla, commander of the Cali Metropolitan Police, said that in the course of the authorities were found some evidence of illegal mining and found some people but ruled that criminal gangs are linked to illegal logging in the area.

He added that it is craft workers at the work-intensive, natural resources are affecting the Farallones. It is a large area whose conservation is vital to supply water to Cali. This gives rise to six of the seven rivers that cross the city, vital for its environmental and landscape supply.

Given the situation, the Personeria urged the Autonomous Valley Corporation (CVC) “to give effect to the obligations arising from court ruling that warns the entity to conduct monitoring water source areas in order to identify the presence heavy metals that could endanger the health of the population. ” Continue reading

Fire causes of Illegal logging activities

Fire causes of illegal logging activitiesThe greatest damage occurred in the Amazon, considered the main lung of the world, according to a report by the Ministry of Environment.

According to the head of the ministry, Gabriel Vallejo, illegal mining causing considerable damage to the environment, to devastate trees, soil and ruin everything in its path.

“Because today we have the most accurate and yearly we can identify and take quicker action against activities that affect forest conservation, such as illegal logging and mining, conversion to agricultural crops or forest fires” said the Minister.

The report by the National System Monitoring Forest Carbon says that sources of logging are concentrated in key areas for biodiversity in the country. In particular stresses that in regions like the Amazon, an ecosystem off the eastern range is evident.

“The main challenge is to curb deforestation in the Amazon, where we have to undertake a large inter sectoral work hand in hand with civil society, the private sector and the support of the international community,” added Minister Lopez Vallejo. Continue reading

Government solutions for Miners

Government solutions for MinersViolation of fundamental rights of workers who have to leave their work and lack of alternative programs for these people. “It was an activity tacitly condoned by the State to permit operation and operation over extended periods of time. Circumstance that makes illegal mining in a factual situation to be monitored and controlled immediately, without ignoring the legitimate expectation arising from the exercise of the right to work of informal workers who manage to cover their minimum living with the work of mining Informal “said the statement.

Likewise, the Constitutional Court stated in the case of a man who lost his job and affected her fundamental rights is the duty of the State to provide alternatives to continue taking sustenance for his family because it is not the fault of the plaintiff ascertain the legal constitution of the mining area.

“So, the sudden application of the rules prohibiting illegal mining and protect the environment, can not alter abruptly situations head regularly constituted in particular marginalized by the same state inaction,” says the judgment of the Court constitutional.

The defendant made was made in the department of Vaupés where it was closed a mine that was in operation for 10 years and after that time, the authorities decided to close it because it did not comply with the licenses required by the state.

However, the right of workers who had to leave the area to no more activity in that mine was unknown, so he ordered the local and national government to initiate the respective action to prevent those who labored leaving unaffected by determinations adopting the authorities.

Decisive action for Illegal miners

Decisive action for Illegal minersArticle 338 of the Penal Code, as behavior that affects natural resources and the environment, has been complex for the state apparatus to control their excessive and indiscriminate growth . On the contrary, was an activity tacitly tolerated by the State to permit operation and operation over extended periods of time. “

He noted the Constitutional Court in a now famous statement in which he scolded the state for the lack of action to control illegal mining and protected the rights of a displaced, Ricardo Viafara, who for 10 years lived in illegal mining until the authorities closed illegal mine where he worked.

For the Court, although the closure of the mine was legal, infringed the rights of those it worked and who, after a decade allowed for the operation of that quarry, confident that they were not doing anything wrong. At its discretion, the extent of ordering the closure and suspension of work mining in urban and rural areas of Mitu (Vaupés), although it was a tight action at law by local authorities, resulted in “negative consequences for informal workers who for ten years exercised their right to work in mining, which generates the emergence of a legitimate and reasonable expectation that can not be changed abruptly and unexpectedly, ignoring the fundamental rights of subjects of special constitutional protection “.

Therefore, he concluded that “it is entirely appropriate to apply the principle of legitimate expectations to the extent that while carrying out an illegal activity must be controlled in time by the State is recognized, it was found that the plaintiff should not bear the burden of an untimely change that affects their vital minimum unreasonably without a transitional measure to stabilize his unemployment, given that the administration with his negligent conduct allowed the exercise of the right to work for a period of ten years, which resulted in Ricardo Viafara reasonable expectations of legal, economic and social security. ” Continue reading

The problem is more Serious Illegal mining

The problem is more Serious Illegal miningWhich handles much money as drug trafficking, has been a concern that has been discussed in the XI Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas (CDMA), said today the Peruvian Defense Minister Pedro Cateriano .

He said during the conference, which ended Tuesday in the city of Arequipa, in the presence of 34 countries in the hemisphere, plus Spain and Portugal, both as observers, Colombia expressed concern about the advance of illegal mining in Latin America.

For this reason we have affirmed our commitment to combat illegal mining, the meeting of defense ministers of the Americas, which was held in Peru, from 12 to 14 October.

At a press conference to take stock of the XI CMDA, said he now has information that reveals that illegal mining handle the same amount of money the drug.

Therefore, he noted, Peruvian President Ollanta Humala “decided to deal with illegal mining, but not only have to deal with it from a standpoint of military action, technical support and decisive work of the state is needed to address this scourge “.

In that sense, Cateriano said that in 2016, when it begins to operate the satellite acquired by Peru to France, will let you do an update on the way to how it has expanded in the country illegal mining, illegal logging and other illicit activities follow.

How to Overcome an important issue of Mining production

How to Overcome an important issue of Mining productionThe jachallera Gualcamayo mine experience this year a large quantum leap in the production of gold. During 2013, the number of ounces produced were 120,000, but in 2014 the number will reach 180,000 ounces, 50% more than what was produced last year. The data were recently confirmed by Emilio Roca, Production Manager of Minas Argentinas, a subsidiary of Yamana Gold, a major mining event held recently in the province of Salta.

In turn, the staff of the multinational explained that the figure of increase is very positive and is due almost entirely to the commissioning of the underground part of the deposit. However, he explained that “from now on”, you should pay special attention to costs because the site has little amount of gold on average and is located in a rugged terrain that requires very specific jobs.

According to official information from the website of Yamana Gold – Mining Argentina, in the underground portion of the deposit must mobilize a ton of rock to yield 2.5 grams of ore, while in his hand open pit ore grade is low, averaging 1 gram of ore per ton of rock removed.

The production manager also explained to the national media in 2012 147.000 gold equivalent ounces were produced and that last year the number fell to 120,000, while in 2014 will reach 180 thousand. “The plan is to repeat this figure for 2015, 2016 and 2017″. “Statistically Gualcamayo is a site that is on the verge of marginalization, if we are not efficient, we could not cover costs especially with the tax burden that exists in Argentina (the tax burden represents 52% of the business), up from Peru (45%), Australia (34.4%), South Africa (40.6%) and Chile (43 9%), “Rock explained. To understand clearly and without negative connotations the word “marginal” jachallera it is clear that the mine is in steep terrain where the law of mineral presence is not as abundant as in other parts of the country or province.

Daily reservoir moves 200,000 tons of mineral resources (including sterile and metals) of this mineral are between 15 000 and 18 000 tons that come with an average grade of one gram per tonne. The end product of all mining work Gualcamayo (bullion or ingot) is finally composed of 90% gold, silver 6% and 4% impurities.

The site uses technology from heap leaching to recover gold from crushed ore that is placed on a court where heap leaching is done with cyanide solution. Continue reading

Impact of Crisis in mining has hit Producers of mining

Impact of Crisis in mining has hit Producers of miningPeru reception US $ 1,100 billion in mining investment oriented exploration in 2012, but this flow fell to $ 760 million, down 31% in 2013. By 2014 Cardozo provides a further drop to US $ 600 million or $ 500 million , ie half compared to 2012.

This decline is in line with the global trend, for while in 2012 the mining exploration industry noted an overall record of US $ 21,500 million, the following year this flow fell to US $ 17,600 million. By 2014 a new setback, perhaps 15% are expected.

The factors causing the crisis in the junior mining are several: the volatility of metal prices, weak financial markets, the poor health of the global economy and risk aversion by investors. The delay in the granting of exploration permits (file permissions), which explores the plight of junior mining: In Peru, another factor is added.

Miners explorers, however, are optimistic. “I do not know if we’ve hit bottom, but most of the crisis have already been assimilated and are optimistic for 2015,” says Cardozo.

In his view, there is reason to hope that the international financial market will recover next year and, with it, the conditions for renewed investment in mining.

The crisis in the junior sector will be analyzed and discussed in Junior Mining Top forum, to be held in the Second Congress of Mining Management (5-7 November) at the premises of PAD Santiago de Surco.

The forum will review the historical trends in mineral exploration in the country, which has been its decline and its effects in the long run. “We sell the idea of maintaining a long-term view: we must explore and discover to support the mining industry in the future,” says Cardozo.

New alternative for the Mining sector

New alternative for the Mining sectorThe estate tax is anti-technical, gravel holding assets that already paid taxes and many of these are not in production, as with some mining companies. It forces companies to bring resources to pay this tax burden when they are not producing, “said the official, who asked to look for other alternatives such as income surtax and VAT changes. “Otherwise this may affect the mining industry in a country with great potential.”

Meanwhile, President of the Colombian Association of Mining, Angel Santiago revealed that invested $ 7 billion in the coming years are required in order to realize the potential that the country has. “Today only 5% of the country is explored, about 5.7 million hectares. This has he allowed more than a million people live in the sector, but without clear rules, “he said.

In turn, Eduardo Chaparro, director of the Chamber Asomineros Andi said that the country must transform its locomotive on a freight train in their cars to mobilize the dynamism of the economy: “We are not asking for a bullet train that would be ideal. For now the important thing is to have a perfect coordination between state institutions, both national and local. “

While the mining industry showed their products to large companies, a group of small miners protested in front of the Convention Center Plaza Mayor of Medellin Government to ask the same treatment as that given to large multinationals.

Several leaders in areas they do not want mining in their territories reiterated that mining activity may affect its greatest asset, the water, the same as used in Antioquia to generate more than 60% of the energy consumed in the country.

Reducing the level of Illegal miners

Reducing the level of Illegal minersAs revealed by the Colombian Mining Association (MCA), over 30% of the country develops the illegal marketing of the product, especially in the case of gold exceeds 800 billion dollars annually.

In the country, the legal mining covers barely five percent of the national territory, but annually invests 175,802,000 pesos in environmental management plans, according to the mining industry.

Figures recently released by the National Mining Agency shows that the number of people killed by illegal mining accident rises to 86, an issue that will be addressed in the X International Mining Fair in Medellin.

The event, which will be installed at 10 am Wednesday in Medellin, will feature the newly sworn in Minister of Mines and Energy, Tomas Gonzalez, who will have his first meeting with the mining industry in full, and counterparts in Mexico, Chile, Peru, Panama and Canada.

La Feria expects to receive approximately 14,000 attendees and exceed business expectations by more than $ 430 million.

The occurrence of Changes in the economy and the Mining industry

The occurrence of Changes in the economy and the Mining industryThe mining and energy sector just experienced its first decline since 2007, when it declined 2.6 percent in the second quarter of 2007.

Now, in the second quarter of this year, activity contracted by 2.8 percent, according to the report on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Dane. (See also: Colombian economy grew 4.3 percent in the second quarter of 2014).

Although for some this negative result on account of the attacks on pipelines to tankers, blockages in the communities and protests in different areas of exploration and production may be temporary, serious analysts are beginning to warn of the signs of the end of the boom, in contrast to the increasingly consistent results ‘locomotive’ infrastructure.

The center of economic studies Anif warns that this cluster of problems, visible in a lag of 100,000 barrels per day in front of the goals of the 2010-2014 Development Plan and a range between 10 and 15 million tonnes in coal production , added to the difficulties of agriculture and industry, explain why the economy has accelerated its growth potential towards the longed 6 percent annually.

The situation is so complex that, in a paper for the Colombian Oil Association, the Anif estimated growth of 10 percent per year in the sector, observed between 2008 and 2012, could be reduced to stand at an average of only 2 percent annually over the next decade if effective action is not taken.

While the figures of the National Hydrocarbons Agency would argue that until June 71 exploratory wells drilled, against a target of 135, today’s photo shows a stagnant oil sector, which in 2013 after producing an annual average of 1’008.173 barrels per day between January and August lowered the volume by 2.6 percent to 981,625 barrels a day. Continue reading